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Library and Information Science Paper (ID LIS075107)

Author
Sachiko OGIWARA
Titile
Analyzing the Activities of Resident Groups in the Public Library Movement According to the“Viewpoints”Derived from the Deliberative Democracy Theory
Issue
No.75, p.107-136
Issue date
2016-06-30
Resume

Purpose: This study aimed to derive the necessary "viewpoints "for monitoring the activities of resident groups in the public library movement. The resultant "viewpoints "are then to be applied in document research when inspecting the real activities of resident groups.

Methods: First, "viewpoints "necessary for monitoring the activities of resident groups were derived by organizing political science discussions on deliberative democracy to pinpoint its "requirements. "Subsequently, all content describing activities of resident groups from the 1990s in library-related journals were extracted and sorted according to previously derived "viewpoints "to examine their specific activities. Finally, these activities were compared with the aforementioned requirements of deliberative democracy.

Results: The following six "viewpoints "were derived: "constitution of participants, " "learning activities of participants, " "communication between participants, " "state of consensus, " "relationship with non-participants, "and "relationship with the political system. "When activities of resident groups since the 1990s were examined according to these "viewpoints, "it was found that the participants were a diverse group of residents, typically amateurs in library administration, who were actively involved in learning activities while achieving consensus through meetings and appealing to non-participants, local community leaders, or parliament representatives. Thus, these activities can be seen as satisfying the requirements of deliberative democracy because they correspond to viewpoints such as "constitution of participants, " "relationship with non-participants, "and "relationship with the political system. "However, the results indicate that additional research is needed to gain further understanding of these activities.

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