Library and Information Science Paper (ID LIS076033)
- Makiko UEOKA
- The Development of the Bibliographic Instruction Movement in the United States: A Prehistory of the Information Literacy Movement
- No.76, p.33-53
- Issue date
Purpose: This paper examines the achievements and problems of the bibliographic instruction movement in terms of the information literacy movement.Methods: With reference to the state of higher education at the time, this paper examines the bibliographic instruction movement in the 1960s and the move toward information literacy in the 1980s.Results: The bibliographic instruction movement has come to incorporate a new specialty in librarianship, which involves librarians in education to some extent. The aim was to integrate bibliographic instruction or library instruction into the college curriculum. However, those involved in the reform of both undergraduate programs including general education expected that librarians would not only provide library instruction as part of the curriculum, but also help to transform the existing curriculum and demonstrate students' learning by using the library. Hence, in order for bibliographic instruction to be fully integrated into higher education, it was necessary for those involved in the bibliographic instruction movement to share the goals of the university as well as to redefine its own practices. That is to say, the bibliographic instruction movement needed a philosophical shift. However, while the shift was inevitable, this did not happen from within the bibliographic instruction movement itself.